Arabic Language:

The Arabic language is spoken by over 200 million people in almost 22 countries. Arabic speakers are mainly concentrated in the Middle East in an area expanding from the Arabian Gulf to the Atlantic Ocean; moreover, there are almost 3 million Arabic speakers living in the United States and Canada. Arabic is the Language of Quran, the Holy Book of Islam, so it is the language number one in almost all Islamic countries. It was adopted by the United Nations as one of its six official languages. The Arabic alphabet has 28 letters and each letter has rules for pronunciation. Almost all letters could be spelled in English; however, there are some letter that only exist in the Arabic language and have very special pronunciation like the KH, GH, and ‘AIN.


The Arabic language is divided into two types, the first one is the “Fusha” (Classical Arabic) which is the formal Arabic language usually used in formal writings and also in formal oral context like TV and Radio news. The other type is “Al ‘Amiya” (colloquial) which is the non-formal spoken language. You could find it spoke on the streets, in the markets, and in the houses. The colloquial language is spoken in many different ways depending on the country and even on the town. For instance, if you went to Luxor or Aswan, you will find that people there speak Egyptian Arabic in a slightly different way where the dialect plays a very important role.

Hello
Ahlan wa sahlan
Good bye
Salam
Good Morning
Sahab el-kheir
Good Evening
Masaa el-kheir
Good Night
Tisbah ala kheir
Peace be with you
(a frequently occurring greeting)
Salam alekum
And upon you be peace
(the standard reply)
Wa alekum es salam
How are you?
Izayak(m) Izayek (f)
Fine
Kiwayess (m)/ Kiwayessa (f)/ Kiwayessin (g)
Ilhamdoulilah (The standard reply)
My name is …..
Ismi …..
What’s your name?
Ismak (m)/Ismek (f) eih?
Welcome
Ahlan wa sahlan
Standard reply to a male
Ahlan bik
Standard reply to a female
Ahlan biki
Yes
Aiwa
No
La
Thankyou
Shukran
Thank you very much
Shukran Gidann
No Thankyou
La shukran
Pardon/Excuse me
Afwan or ahlan
Sorry
Assif
You are welcome
Al-affu / ‘afuann
Please
Min fadlak (m)/ fadlek (f)/ fadlokoum (g)
I don’t speak Arabic
Ma batkalemsh Arabi
Do you speak English?
Bititkalimy Englizee?
I don’t understand
Mish fahiim (m)/ fahma (f)
I understand
Ana fahim/ fahma
I mean
Ana Assdi/ Yaani
 
Enough/stop
Bass
Don’t
  Balashs
Thanks god
Il-hamdouLilah
God willing
Insha’allah
Ok/fine
Mashy
No problem
Mish Mushkilla
Again
Tany/ Kaman
Not bad
Mish batal
Impossible
Mish momken
Also
Bardo
Non sense
Kalam Fady
Exactly
Bilzabt
Bit by bit
Shiwaya shiwaya
Connection
Wasta
 
Go away
(said to children who are bothering you)
Imshi
In the taxi or on the street/General Directions
I want to go to ..
Ayez (m) Ayza(f) arouh ..
..Right
..Yemun
..Left
..Shemal
..North
..Shamal
..South
..Gamoub
..East
..Sharq
..West
..Gharb
..Straight ahead
..Doughri/alatoul
..Stop
..Oaf

..Here

..Hena
..There
..Henak
Where?
Fein?
What?
Naam
Wait
Istana (m) Istani (f)
Next to
Gamb
Across, in front
Uddam
Facing
fil-wish
Behind
wara
Before
‘abl
After
ba’d
Near
‘urayyib min
Far from
ba’iid ‘an
Corner
nasya
This corner
in-nasya di
Go slowly
bi-shweesh
Go quickly
bi-sur’a
In the Shop
Please
Min tadlak
Can I see this?
Momken ashout da?
How much is this/ that….?
Bikam da….?
I don’t want this.
Mish avez (m) avza (f) da.
It costs too much.
Da ghali awi.
Cheap
Rekhis
Do you have…?
Fi andak …..?
Money
Felous
My last word
Aakhir Kalaam
Congratulations
Mabrouk
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